Arizona’s modern infrastructure enables the efficient flow of goods and services for companies doing business here and provides easy access for those who live and work here. The state is home to almost 130,000 miles of highways, 40 public transit systems, two Class I railroads, more than 80 airports, and six ports of entry on the border with Mexico.
Arizona is well served by state, federal, and interstate highways, including I-10, I-40, I-17, I-8 and I-19, U.S. routes 60 and 93. State routes 51, Loop 101, and Loop 202 connect greater Phoenix communities and tie them to the interstate system.
Arizona is home to a relatively new highway system which tends to be wider than other freeways. The full 60 miles of Loop 101 features four lanes in each direction (3 lanes plus an HOV lane each way). Almost all of Loop 202 is five lanes (4 lanes plus an HOV lane each way) in each direction.
Arizona’s primary airports include Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX) and Tucson International Airport (TUS). In all, the state is home to 12 commercial airports and 71 reliever and general aviation airports.
Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport, one of the nation’s 10 busiest airports, is served by 16 carriers and offers non-stop service to more than 80 domestic destinations and 20 international destinations. More than 120,000 passengers arrive and depart on 1,200 aircraft in a typical day. In addition, more than 800 tons of cargo passes through Sky Harbor daily. Customs and Immigration services are available daily for passenger processing and during the weekdays for cargo processing.
Tucson International Airport is served by six airlines, with non-stop service to 15 domestic destinations. It offers 55 departures on a typical day and carries more than 34,000 tons of cargo in a year. Customs and Immigration services are available 24 hours a day.
The state is also home to smaller airports, including in the communities of Mesa, Scottsdale, Yuma, Flagstaff, and Kingman.
Arizona has more than 1,700 miles of rail, 1,237 of which are categorized as “Class I.” BNSF (595 miles of Class I track) and Union Pacific (642 miles of Class I track) are the state’s primary railroads. Rail connects Arizona to the ports in southern California, as well as to Mexico (at the Nogales crossing) and the rest of the country. The state has several major intermodal rail yards, including a facility for container traffic on the UP line in Tucson that offers Customs services.
Ports of Entry
Arizona offers six border crossings with Mexico at Nogales, Douglas, Naco, San Luis, Sasabe, and Lukeville. Arizona’s border gateways are benefiting from an estimated $450 million in state and federal improvements over the past five years. Our connection to Western Sonora and Baja California boasts a brand new commercial-only port in San Luis, matched by Mexico with a new facility just south of the border. Our largest port Nogales III (commonly referred to as Mariposa) underwent an almost $250 million makeover that doubled both commercial and passenger throughput. The reconfiguration increased commercial lanes from four to eight and passenger lanes from six to twelve.
Arizona’s southern ports of entry facilitate the movement of a great portion of the state’s imports and exports. In 2014, more than 380,000 trucks crossed the Arizona-Mexico border and our border gateways facilitated $31 billion worth of goods.
Arizona’s public transportation has two predominant players - Valley Metro in Phoenix and Sun Tran in Tucson. Valley Metro is composed of 59 bus routes, 23 Express and RAPID bus routes, and a light rail line. Valley Metro’s annual bus ridership exceeds 56 million. Its light rail ridership has increased 5.4% since 2012 and currently serves 14 million total riders annually. Valley Metro’s bus routes service a 505 square mile area. Almost two million people live within 1/4 mile of a Valley Metro bus route.
Sun Tran was named America's Best Transit System twice by the American Public Transportation Association. Sun Tran services approximately 20 million passenger trips annually to destinations in and around Tucson. Currently 100% of its 252 bus fleet utilizes compressed natural gas, biodiesel, or hybrid technologies. These fuels reduce emissions because they emit fewer particulates than traditional diesel-fueled vehicles.